European countries are highly ranked in a sustainability model that measures how nations are doing in terms of green development, and there was some overall growth internationally that shows potential for further progress — but large nations such as the United States and China did not fare well.
The Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index (GSCI) measures growth across six categories, including resource efficiency, natural capital, and governance performance. All but two of the top 20 performing countries are in Europe, with Sweden topping the list.
The GSCI is published by sustainable management consultancy SolAbility and was first released in 2012. It uses data from international sources, such as the United Nations, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund. SolAbility says sustainable competitiveness “is the ability to generate and sustain inclusive wealth without diminishing the future capability of sustaining or increasing current wealth levels.”
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