Consumption and production patterns have wide environmental and social impacts. The Sustainable Development Goal 'Responsible consumption and production' (SDG 12) calls for action on many fronts. These include the adoption of sustainable practices by businesses, promotion of sustainable procurement practices by policymakers, environmentally aware lifestyles of consumers as well as the development of new technologies and production and consumption methods, by researchers, scientists and others.
Monitoring SDG 12 in an EU context focuses on progress made in decoupling environmental impacts from economic growth, fostering the green economy, while tackling waste generation and management.
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